### Kinetic Energy of a Molecule

On the off chance that you are catching up on for your exams, you should focus on the motor vitality of a particle and how it cooperates with atomic speculations of gas. Keep in mind that this will likewise include you being acquainted with both Boyle’s and Charles’ law, and need you to give careful consideration to how weight, vitality, and temperature cooperate with the gas model to make these impacts. All these will be canvassed in our JC material science educational cost class, so we should first recap the dynamic atomic hypothesis.

Recapping the Kinetic Molecular Theory

There are a couple of fundamentals at the core of Kinetic Molecular hypothesis. These are:

• Gas atoms are available in substantial quantities of constantly moving, arbitrarily moving
• The volume of these atoms is irrelevant in contrast with the volume the gas possesses

While temperature is consistent, the dynamic vitality of these atoms does not adjust. It can be exchanged amid impacts [which are esteemed elastic.

The normal active vitality of these atoms is corresponding to total temperature, which means at a particular temperature they all have a similar normal active vitality

There are a couple of things to think about weight as well:

• Weight is caused by gas atoms crashing into holder dividers
• This weight relates with how hard and what recurrence they impact
• This weight of the effect is identified with the speed x the mass of the particles
• So how does this tie into total temperature?
• Where temperature duplicates, motor vitality of the atoms pairs
• In every practical sense, two distinctive gasses of a similar temperature additionally have the same dynamic vitality

The outright temperature in this manner measures the normal dynamic vitality of atoms.

The lower normal active vitality, the lower total temperature, and the other way around.

So what does this mean for sub-atomic speed?

Clearly, while the hypothesis expresses the normal atomic speed, every individual particle has its own speed-some quick and some moderate. Where the temperature is higher, speed is higher.

Normal dynamic vitality is identified with the root mean square of the speed Since mass never shows signs of change, speed must increment with temperature increments

E = ½ mu^2

Things being what they are, how does this influence the gas laws?

We now realized that a consistent temperature implies the normal dynamic vitality will remain the same. We likewise now know this implies root mean square speed stays unaltered. This implies the weight will diminish per Boyle’s law, where volume increments yet the temperature stays enduring.

Where temperature stays enduring yet volume steady, we realize that that expansion in temperature will build atom speed. This will prompt more crashes, which thus will help force. This implies an expansion in weight.

In the event that we wish to keep up steady weight, the volume will increment with expanding temperature per Charles’ law.

As should be obvious, the idea of motor sub-atomic vitality and the gas laws are basic to comprehension. Concentrate these laws deliberately with the assistance of your material science educational cost instructor, and you will be well while in transit to acing your examination. Presented by H2 Physics Tuition.

### Laser Acne Scar Removal

On the off chance that you have skin inflammation scars all over or body, regardless of how you got them, it can have a truly hindering impact on your self-assurance; everybody needs to have the capacity to look in the mirror and feel cheerful and alright with what they see reflected there.

Luckily, laser treatment for skin inflammation scars has gone ahead a long ways lately and can be utilized on any skin sort, expelling the requirement for surgery and importance you can discard that thick cosmetics until the end of time.

It works in a truly basic manner – beats of laser light separate the scar tissue and animate new, sound tissue to frame in its place. Fast and simple, it’s a clear strategy and you shouldn’t require any recuperation time thereafter.

Laser skin break out scar evacuation treatment can be utilized on surgical or skin break out scars anyplace on the body, including the face. It likewise takes a shot at any skin sort, including both light and exceptionally dull skin. We’ll let you know at your underlying interview whether you’re a decent hopeful or not. Also Check out Singapore Aesthetic Clinic

Skin inflammation is the consequence of skin pores engorged with overabundance oil, dead skin cells and microscopic organisms. Lamentably, when the pore swells enough to break the follicle divider it can prompt sores. This can be impermanent sores which mend quickly or if the tainted material spills out onto the encompassing skin it can prompt further sores. Your skin will normally attempt and mend these injuries with new collagen filaments however lamentably these are not more often than not as smooth as your unique skin and can appear as an alternate shading or surface, and that is the means by which you wind up with skin inflammation scars.

How does Laser Acne Scar Removal Work?

Laser skin inflammation scar expulsion works by centering partial beats of laser light onto the zone of frightening, which separates the scar tissue and produces new tissue in its place. This new tissue is an indistinguishable shading from your normal skin and will now be coming through with a significantly more even surface. As you proceed with medicines you will see your scarring start to blur away.

Laser Acne scar expulsion is reasonable for:

• Skin inflammation scars on the face
• Skin inflammation scars on the body
• Skin inflammation scars on any skin tone
• Skin break out scars of all ages or size

1. CUSTOM WATCHES AND CLOCKS. Watches are one of a kind corporate blessings. They emerge in the brains of the beneficiaries. Watches are additionally effortlessly marked with your organization’s logo making them more individual. They’re to a great degree usable ensuring intentional rehashed presentation of your image.

You can get your business’ logo on such names as Bulova, Charles Jourdan, Cititzen, Jean-Louis Scherrer, Movado, Tommy Hilfiger, and Wittnauer. Connect your image with one of these and you will have a reusable interesting corporate blessing.

More business occasion blessing thoughts beyond any doubt to be kept and utilized well past the Christmas season are custom tickers. The beneficiaries of these corporate blessings can utilize them to design their office or home. Your reliable clients can gladly flaunt your well idea present for a considerable length of time to come.

Custom timekeepers originate from such names as Bulova, Seiko, Thomas Tompion, and Waterford. Bulova is an all around regarded name in clock making. Seiko is a name that has been around for a considerable length of time. Thomas Tompion was an English Master Clock Maker. He is referred to today as the father of English watch making. The Waterford name is synonymous with fine endowments. These are largely names you can gladly have your customers connect your organization with.

1. Limited time BAGS – FOR EVERYDAY AND FOR SPECIAL EVENTS. Limited time packs are effortlessly a standout amongst the most practical business endowments accessible. The convenience of the pack implies an incredible present for your customers. Rehashed use by the customer implies a vast gathering of people for your business name, logo, or message for you.

Games sacks, rucksacks, golf packs, or totes will all be acknowledged as corporate endowments. Printed custom sacks ought to be particular to your customers. Possibly your customers are golfers, a custom golf sack makes an awesome business blessing. Your organization can give custom PGA visit packs. Custom Nike packs make extraordinary endowments. Take your blessing giving and showcasing above and beyond and fill the pack with more usable specially engraved stock.

1. Games ITEMS AND LOGOS GO TOGETHER. You can simply put your organization’s logo on golf balls, water jugs, tops, or what ever you can consider. Simply make sure to be innovative.

Custom logo golf balls make perfect business blessings. Golf balls with your logo on them are valued and usable. The beneficiaries of these blessings get a fun thing. You get rehashed introduction of your image amid an extremely prevalent past time. Modified golf balls are moderately reasonable blessings. The arrival on speculation with these is superior to what a great many people anticipate. Some golf balls to use for your corporate blessing giving are Callaway, Nike, Taylor Made, and Titleist.

1. CORPORATE BASKETS TO BE PROUD OF. Giving corporate blessing wicker bin is an attempted and genuine occasion business blessing thought. Occasion blessing wicker container are ideal for an office or office blessing. It’s awesome to give a corporate blessing that can be shared. Let’s be honest everybody loves to get blessing wicker bin. These are things that will be very much valued by all.

When considering business occasion blessing thoughts make sure to be remarkable. When utilizing blessing crate ensure yours emerges. Search for blessing crate that have something that will be kept long after the substance are no more.

Chocolate corporate blessing bushel are the ideal approach to send endowments everybody is certain to appreciate. These are one of my most loved sorts of crate to give and get.

Corporate espresso blessing bushel are not quite the same as other blessing crate. I discover these are additionally generally welcomed blessing wicker container. It has been said that America keeps running on espresso.

Christmas business present bushel can be effectively taylor made to fit any customers singular tastes. I discover these are all around excepted and like all others effortlessly sent.

Fragrance based treatment Basket Candle Gifts. Blessing wicker bin with fragrant healing candles are ideal for the over worked worried customer amid the occasions. You can even discover wicker bin that have scented oils, massagers, unwinding reduced circles, and other attentive things that will be kept long after the occasions.

1. Customized Corporate Gifts Singapore. The corporate blessing pen is an extraordinary business occasion blessing thought as a result of its convenience alone. This is a thing that will be utilized again and again.

When giving pens as a business blessing you can make what’s useful something similarly elegant. That obviously makes them more special and more valued.

Waterford makes a tremendous assortment of pens appropriate for corporate blessing thoughts. One such pen ideal for a business blessing is the Lismore. The Lismore is one of Waterford’s most well known precious stone examples. This pen configuration was roused by the exemplary gothic engineering of the Lismore manor. Giving a pen with this sort of history makes this reasonable thing uber stylish.

You can likewise give custom wellspring pens as occasion endowments. Romet wellspring pens are composed in Italy. They are produced using layered and moved gum. The way these are outlined frame a novel pen where no two are precisely similar.

Contingent upon your proposed beneficiaries you might need to consider custom wood pens. Custom wood pens are a magnificent approach to get the consideration of your customers, as well as people around them.

Keep in mind extraordinary business occasion blessing thoughts are well idea. Try not to hold up until the last moment to settle on what to give your clients, customers, and prospects. These individuals are the life blood of your business so be innovative. Your arrival on this venture will be endless.

### IT’S THE KEFIR AND ITS HEALTH BENEFITS

We have spoken on several occasions about the importance of consuming probiotics to maintain a good intestinal flora. In short, a good intestinal flora is essential for the health and immune system in general! That is why I’ve been on a mission to add more probiotics to the diet of my family. I’ve shared my recipe to make homemade yogurt (if you haven’t tried it yet, I invite you to do so!), a recipe for making kombucha or you fermented, also my recipe for making sauerkraut (fermented cabbage) that gives you directions to prepare any other fermented vegetables. Living Paleo also contains recipes from food with probiotics such as fermented pickles.

After sharing my stance on the dairy in the diet paleo in this article, I would like to talk about a drink consumption here in my house and also share the recipe to prepare it in a next release. I’m talking about the famous kefir, in this case of the kefir milk.

WHAT IS KEFIR

The milk kefir is one of the most important sources of probiotics, very similar to yogurt but the biggest difference is the method of preparation: yogurt fermented only with bacteria while kefir fermented with bacteria and yeast. Beads or granules of kefir (milk or water) are a symbiotic group of live microorganisms containing yeast and bacteria and which are grouped in an array called kefirano, would be equivalent to the fungus to prepare kombucha. Symbiotic culture refers to these bacteria and yeast are dependent on each other and coexist in an atmosphere of mutual support. They have a cauliflower-like appearance and are white if they are for milk or transparente-amarillento color if they are to water. In the case of milk kefir granules, a period of 24 hours of fermentation result in this thickens and sour drink that we are talking about.

The kefir word derives from the Turkish “keyif” which means joy, pleasure. This refers to the feeling of well-being to the digestive system that feels after this drink. It is native to the Caucasus Mountains and it is also referred to as “Fungus of yogurt” or “Drink of the prophet”. Scientists who studied the kefir is amazed to find that bad bacteria or pathogenic microorganisms in kefir granules there are.

There are two types of kefir: kefir milk (which is the recipe that I’m sharing today) and the kefir water (recipe for the future). The milk kefir can be prepared with raw cow, sheep and goat milk or even coconut milk! And the water kefir can be obviously prepared with water but also with coconut water! (that is the recipe I’m going to share in the future).

Both types of kefir have probiotic properties supported by several studies. If you understand English and have a good time, I invite you to read the studies on kefir. This is one of the most important, but the doctor’s page 77 studies about the benefits of kefir are located at the time of this publication. This further study is also very interesting and talks about the benefits of this drink.

PROPERTIES AND BENEFITS OF KEFIR

Apart from being a source of good bacteria, kefir is rich in amino acids, various vitamins (A, B2, B12, D and K2), minerals such as magnesium (cow deficiency is very common), calcium and phosphorus, and essential amino acids that promote healing and general well-being. In addition, it is an excellent source of biotin, a type of B vitamin that helps to the body assimilate other vitamins B.Veamos the long list of benefits and properties of kefir:

-Helps the immune system: Kefir helps to improve defenses in a natural way, by regulating inflammation, allergic response and immune function. This is a study where it was discovered that a byproduct of the cultivation of kefir granules may reduce allergic inflammation by suppressing the degranulation or release of the production of mastositos. Another study found that a bacterium of the cultivation of kefir granules inhibits the production of IgE, which helps moderate the body’s allergic response.

-Improves bone health: kefir is high in calcium, phosphorus and vitamin K2 which provides the minerals essential for bone growth. Vitamin K2 is essential to deposit minerals in the bones, deposited calcium in the bones and teeth and prevents these minerals are placed in arteries not recommended sites. I will devote a full article in the future to the importance of vitamin K2, which is achieved especially in fermented foods.

-Help with brain function: kefir contains high levels of vitamin B12, which makes it an important food for the combat of diseases cognitive, loss of memory, Alzheimer’s, depression, bipolar disease, anxiety, problems of learning in children, among others.

– Help with gastrointestinal problems: the consumption of kefir can regulate bowel movements, improve digestion and even some bacteria culture of kefir granules help treatment of colitis by regulating the inflammatory response of intestinal cells (study).

– Help with intolerance to lactose: regular consumption of kefir helps people lacking lactase, the enzyme needed to digest milk well and its derivatives. Some of the bacteria of kefir help to break this enzyme, so the lactose intolerant can take kefir. In this study, we can see how consumption of kefir helped adults with lactose intolerance to improve your digestion of lactose.

– Antibiotic and antifungal properties.varios studies have demonstrated antibacterial and antifungal properties of kefir, (study) that can help treat some fungal infections such as thrush. -Helps to prevent cancer: this study has shown that kefir would have an anti-tumor effect. In addition, as many studies you have suggested, deficiency of vitamin B12 is strongly related to various forms of cancer. The high content of vitamin B12 classify it as a food that helps prevent cancer.

CONVINCED OF THE BENEFITS OF THIS SUPER DRINK?

Wanting to prepare it in the comfort of your home? Tomorrow I will be sharing the simple recipe of how prepare kefir milk in the House. Meanwhile, you can prepare yourself and get your doação de kefir de leite kefir granules and water kefir.

### Garage Door Repair Mill Creek

Garage door repair service

We offer a service of quality garage doors and automation: fast, reliable and affordable.

ESMA is a certified specialist company in the installation, maintenance and overhaul of automatic doors, garage doors and automation; We give our clients the warranty and peace of mind that we will resolve any incidents that may be with their gates and doors in the shortest possible time.

Our technicians are properly qualified in two fundamental aspects:

• In compliance with the European and Spanish security of mechanical and electrical elements of automatic doors, garage doors both doors.
• In the use and installation of parts and original spare parts, certified by the leading brands in the sector such as Hormann, Norpa, Ditec, Erreka, Faac, Gibidi, Nice, Andoor, Aprimatic, etc.

Garage door repair procedure

Before a request for redress, the necessary data collected by telephone and sent to your home or business to one of our technicians. We will do a thorough review, checking items that are committed at the breakdown, as well as a general review of the mechanical, electrical systems and safety to ensure the proper functioning of the other parts of the garage door.

We have personnel, proper equipment for repair of automatic doors and a large stock of spare parts and original spare parts, since we work with a large number of brands of automatic doors and automations; for this reason we can assure you a quick and efficient garage door repair Mill Creek , at the time, avoiding unnecessary additional travel costs.

We serve most of repairs in 24 or 48 hours, or an emergency if his community of neighbors, home or business needs it.

Quality assurance in your garage door repair

All of our repairs guarantee the preservation of and compliance with the CE marking, which is mandatory for all automatic doors, doors ESMA is approved to do this kind of repairs since 2009.

Among the possible incidents that may you find your garage door, are those that affect hinges, chains, locks, electrical switchboards, control plates, motors, photocells, sprockets, Rails, controls garage, locksmith, panels, etc. All these and many more are within the scope of the service for garage doors we offer.

We also have maintenance contracts, which will allow you to extend the life of your auto or pedestrian door. You’ll save on major faults to the serviceman periodically check the condition of your garage door. In addition to prevent accidents and ensure the smooth operation of mechanical, electrical items and your automatic door security.

Repair of all types of automatic doors

• Industrial doors: sectional, rapid, overhead, guillotines, slides, articulated, locks, telescopic, fire safety, etc.
• Domestic or residential garage doors: sectional, sliding, tilt, swing, roll up blinds, flame retardant, etc.
• Glass doors: sliding, angular, bends, telescopic, rotating, folding, panic, etc.

Areas covered by our garage door repair service

• Toledo
• Avila
• Segovia
• Seville

Consult us for any other province.

### Brand name, proper name, brands and other distinctive signs in the Cuban economy

An approach to the phenomenon of a possible collision between the distinctive signs and company names, with an approach of the problems to the legal person , in any of its associative forms, have been treated in some Research though scarce even in Cuba.

Somewhat happened with the phenomenon, but in turning to natural persons. We will take the issue to an edge no less interesting therefore rather challenging, view the current transformation of the model economic Cuban that are being developed, and it’s the natural person as entity in the exercise of its business, just as the State, of an unequivocal identity in the market Cuban companies or companies requiring differentiating them from other individuals in the exercise of its activity, identifying their Services and products by brands, by making use of slogans to popularize them, taking advantage of the possibilities of using a label of establishment and protect its rights in the same, a corporate emblem and a trade name issues that legitimate, the legislation current in this matter, elDecreto-law No. 203/2000 “Of marks and other distinctive signs” into force on 2 May 2000 and December 24, 1999.

You can similarly and with greater frequency than with societies that obligatorily must register for their existence, arise conflicts between natural persons by identity or similarity between the signs that identify them in the exercise of its activity (sign, commercial emblem, trade name), between the marks that distinguish goods and services of different origin business (view the natural person as a worker or individual entrepreneur self-employment) , and between these distinctive signs against using global or territorial scope, and registered domain names that could collide.

Also would a new touch to this phenomenon with the possibility of use of names and surnames as Mark enter commercial activities with one family Organization , against other protected or not that are notoriously known, either using a name that does not coincide with that of the natural person who would use the distinctive emblem and for their protection requires the consent of the other ((, and the latter had died must provide proof of the consent of his heirs for their protection as a mark or as a trade name, as it is regulated in the articles 17.1 e-) in relation to the brands and the articulo98.1 e-) regarding the trade name for natural persons, of the Decree-Law No. 203/2000 “Of marks and other distinctive signs”.

Own name and surname as a mark or trade name

Law vigenteDecreto-law No. 203/2000 “Of marks and other distinctive signage Perth“, regulates the possibility of using as marks and trade names of individuals, their own name or surname, or the name or surname of another, if it proves that the consent of that other or their legal successors of deceased.

Appears in any case among the prohibitions to register, the does not affect a right of the personality of a third party, provided for in the articles 17.1 e-) in relation to the marks and article 98.1 e-) regarding the trade name for natural persons

So have brands requested or registered in Cuba that include proper names and/or surnames such as: the brand through national, SALMA HAYEK in classes 3, 18 and 25 and 41, in Cuba, which was requested by the company VENTANAROSA, INC. C/O GEIBELSON & YOUNG, residing in: 21700 OXNARD STREET, SUITE 2030,

WOODLAND HILLS, CALIFORNIA 91367, USA. in the registration process are provided letter of consent of the famed actrizSalma Hayek signed as President in addition to the company requesting the registry, which authorizes the use of his name and surname as mark and is granted registration in Cuba in favor of VENTANAROSA, INC. Another similar case was the international registration No.822238, Jean-Claude VAN DAMME, in class 9, by FOUR-ONE ENTERPRISES LIMITED Company designating Cuba among the countries in which protection is sought, and which, in turn, said a letter of consent from the renowned actor Jean-Claude Van Dame.

Other cases that it has demanded heirs to provide the consent by deceased person whose name is intended to protect as a brand, as it has been for the use of the identification of the famed Aviator Brasilenoalberto Santos – Dumont, as a brand, to saber: Santo – DUMONT, No.833031 international registration in class 14, in favor of the famed company watch CARTIER INTERNATIONAL B.V. in which case it could not contribute by absence and related other historic elements of the link Cartier Santos Dumont, creating this first for second the first wrist watch, so that I could see the time without leaving the control of the aircraft. Also with respect to records international No. 883259 ERNEST HEMINGWAY and No.882929 HEMINGWAY, in class 43 in favor of HEMINGWAY, LTD. in Cuba, were due to provide letter of consent by their heirs, the sons of Ernest Hemingway, who both were partners of the mentioned company, HEMINGWAY, LTD. c/o FASHION LICENSING OF AMERICA, INC. Based on 305 Madison Avenue, Suite 3520, New York, NY 10165, USA.

In the above-mentioned cases, it was companies or legal entities claiming to protect a name or surname as brand but also could occur in case of use as a proper name or surname by a natural person. Would be for example the use of SOMAVILLA surname of the famous Cuban musician to identify a bar-restaurant or piano-bar – restaurant by a natural person who shall where applicable provide a consent of his heirs to protect brand SOMAVILLA in class 43 for catering services, and even the class 41 for services shows, that could provide in this piano-bar – restaurant.

Could be protectable brand in Cuba CHUCHO, nickname that is known to the famed musician cubanoChucho Valdés, pianist, composer and conductor, CHUCHO as a mark to identify in class 15 “musical instruments

### The International Translation Day.

Today, on September 30, would like to take my article on the blog of Translation Company to commemorate a day very special for all of us, for our company, for my coworkers, for students of translation, which translated, literally, by love for the art and for more people, since today is the International translation day.

This celebration comes promoted since 1953, year in which was founded in Paris the International Federation of translators. The reason for choosing this date was the death of Jerónimo de Estridón, Holy who translated the Bible from Greek classical and Hebrew into Latin, which represented a revolutionary for the time Act since the Holy Scriptures, until then, had never translated into any other language. This translation is known as the Editio Vulgata, i.e. the editing for the people.

## The Importance of Translation

Why is so important translation coming up to have a day in the calendar it? To be able to give an explanation, we will emphasize the title that was baptized the Bible translated into Latin, “Editing for the people”, because as we can see, the Holy with his literary work did what any translation today aims, that is, the dissemination of information to all over the world. This objective, is not at all easy to get. The quality of the translation makes the factor of greatest importance, in this way the translator must have the same dedication and affection for his work that the author of the original text. Translations depend on many fields of our environment, economy, policy, and the free movement of persons, cultural diffusion, or leisure, among others. Thus, thanks to translation products are exported from the Spanish market, we can understand the hearings of Angela Merkel or François Hollande and even all over the world can enjoy films departures from Hollywood or various Nintendo video game.

At Translation Company, we are aware of the important thing is the quality of a translation and ourselves, therefore our translations carefully. We have a staff of translators who are highly qualified and trained to perform this transfer of information from a source to a target language. Also, in our company we have instruments in order to document us and facilitate the process of translation, CAT tools such as various manuals. It is not less important, to mention that we have a team of reviewers responsible for the quality of the translations to reach its greatest exponent. Not of less importance, it is to remember that all of our workers are sworn translators duly appointed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Ultimately, is largely justified to the translation, motor Translation Company and the whole world, to have his own day, since in our polyglot world, is translating what unites us, what moves our environment and of course, this translation has its own name: the translation of quality in all caps.

### Canine Obedience

Canine obedience is basically to educate a dog to respond positively to our orders and indications achieving a level of basic education for the dog. Unlike what many believe, canine obedience is not synonymous with canine training, but obedience is only a part of everything that involves training and educating a dog.

Then we explain what are the keys to canine obedience to achieve good communication between owner and dog. We will also share with you tips to relate good obedience to basic or advanced training.

Keep reading this article by ExpertoAnimal and find out why it is so important to devote time and effort to canine obedience. Here we go:

Levels of Canine Obedience

There are different demands for obedience training according to the objective pursued. That is to say, training in canine obedience will be different if you train a service dog (as is the case with guide Dogs), sports competition dogs (for example in agility) or companion dogs without any special function other than to be tremendously loved.

Although there may be dogs more intelligent than others, the truth is that good obedience will never be complete if the person who educates the dog does not have a basic knowledge.

Ancient Obedience: Dominance

Probably, you’ve ever seen a chapter of the dog charmer once. César Millán’s techniques let half the world be impressed, but nowadays it is not. In fact, in Austria it is forbidden to broadcast on the public television of its program. Why is that? The reason is simple, he works with ancient obedience, based on dominance.

In the dominance it is stipulated that we should be a “leader” for our dog and use techniques that remind us of the natural communication of the canids as is the marking. However, this technique arises from a study carried out with wolves of the last century and it is estimated that any disobedient dog wants to be the dominant of the herd formed by us and him.

However, and even though using some of the dogs ‘ own systems is positive, it should be understood that some techniques can generate discomfort in our pet, worsening a behavior problem that may have. Especially if we are not specialists, using dominance is a serious mistake. Moreover, it is an obsolete system that has proved not to be as effective as other techniques.

Recently ethologists professionals who have studied herds of wolves in freedom, have verified, that there are no aggressions between wolves and living in total harmony. They depend on each other to subsist, it has no logic that they continually injure each other. That yes, there is a very important gestural language (more pronounced than in dogs) destined to prevent conflicts.

Why had they seen completely different behaviors before? For simply because so far there has been no technology necessary to study the wolves in freedom, all observations had been carried out on artificial herds kept in captivity. These herds lived in continual stress, giving rise to a high degree of aggression among their members.

Current Obedience: Positive reinforcement

As with human relationships, maintaining a positive and confident attitude helps the recipient understand us and be more inclined to follow our directions. With the dogs it happens the same, for that reason appears the obedience based on the positive reinforcement.

The positive reinforcement is no more secret than rewarding a dog immediately after he has adequately fulfilled an order or behaves as we wish. You should not always use a prize in the form of a snack, they also serve words of encouragement or caress. This type of technique completely rejects the punishment (because it causes stress on the dog) and invites us to use other modes of action that do not cause discomfort in your relationship. Remember that eliminating the punishment of a dog’s education does not mean letting him do what he wants. You must guide your dog and Enseñárle how he should do it.

On the other hand, it will be interesting to note also that non-verbal communication is basic to obedience. We should not use only a “feel” but it will be very useful to relate it also with a gesture. Dogs better understand a specific physical signal.

The use of the clicker is an improved version of positive reinforcement but requires something more constancy and dedication. Basically it consists in “capturing” those behaviors that we like the animal. To correctly use a clicker we must first of all load the sound that emits the object for 3 or 4 days: it is clicked and the animal is rewarded with a candy. Later, in the street or at home, you will be educated following the same procedure: “Feel”-click-Candy.

The clicker can be used on any occasion, including those occurring spontaneously. The dog understands that you liked and associates the “click” with your approval and increases the likelihood that it repeats.

Allowing the animal to be wrong and to amend its behavior by learning for itself is basic. These techniques that we have proposed help make him feel comfortable during his education and training, always complying with animal welfare. They encourage you to learn for yourself, (something that improves your mental stimulation) makes you feel useful, avoids behavioral problems, and refuses to fear or feel excessive pressure.

Behavioral problems or deviation from obedience

By adopting a dog we should be aware that our animal can, at some point in his life, need the supervision of his behavior by a specialist. Going to a canine educator or ethologist if you suffer from behavior problems can help us considerably, especially if we start noticing that our dog does not listen to us.

To review in detail the 5 freedoms of animal welfare can help us understand that we are doing something wrong. It may also happen that we do not properly interpret some of your physical and verbal signals, and something worse, that we do not respond correctly to these signals.

For example, scolding a dog when grunting is totally counterproductive since the animal can start attacking directly without warning. Grunting is a way for dogs to say “leave me alone” or “I don’t like that.”

How and when to work obedience

Practicing basic obedience orders for about 5 or 10 minutes a day will be enough for our dog to start working on it. Abusing education time is counter-productive for the animal.

On the other hand, the ideal will be to work the orders one by one, dedicating between 1 and 10 days to its total comprehension and application. At a time when the dog perfectly understands an order we can move on to another.

It is very positive to devote one day a week to remember all the orders learned.

The ideal is to start working an order in a quiet place and without distractions, progressively must be carried out in more and more traveled places so that the dog can respond to us in an effective way even with constant distractions.

Practicing every day and being consistent in obedience assures us a good result.

Prevent other people reward your dog for free, only be rewarded by responding positively to an order.

### How translation is helping to save endangered languages

There are roughly 7,000 spoken languages in the world today. However, it is thought that over half of them could disappear by the end of the 21st century. Every two weeks, the last living speaker of a language dies. One example is Hazel Sampson, who passed away earlier this year as the last native speaker of the S’klallam language, spoken by the Klallam Native American tribe.

Globalisation is another cause of language extinction

The cultural and economic dominance of the Western world means that English is now the ‘lingua franca’ and English language books, films and television and be found in virtually every corner of the globe. Furthermore, minority languages are being replaced by more widely spoken, global languages such as English, Spanish, Hindi and Russian.

Recognising the need to save languages from extinction, linguists are now documenting disappearing languages through translation in order to preserve them for the future. For instance, the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages records rare languages and assists communities in maintaining and revitalizing knowledge of their native languages. The Living Tongues organization records audio, visual and text documents using digital video, voice recorders, and other modern technologies. It also produces storybooks, dictionaries, online resources and multi-media educational materials to not only preserve languages for future studies, but to help members of these threatened cultures to conserve part of their heritage and learn the language of their ancestors.

Why is language preservation so important?

The death of a language also means the death of a culture. Many endangered languages express the rich cultures of the people who speak them, with stories and songs passed on to younger generations, but they have no written forms. Therefore, with the extinction of a language, an entire culture is lost. Also, studying various languages also increases our understanding of how humans communicate and store knowledge. This linguistic information can provide insight into dyslexia, language impairments, hearing loss and may help with diseases such as Alzheimer’s. If there are only a handful of languages to study, then there is not enough data to understand how language really works in the brain.

One of the projects of the Living Tongues Institute is the Chipaya Language Project in Bolivia. Chipaya is a language spoken by around 1,500 people in the highlands of Bolivia. Chipaya speakers are undergoing a shift to Spanish. The Living Tongue’s linguists travelled to Bolivia to work with some of the remaining speakers of Chipaya to record sample lexical and grammatical materials. As a result they have created a ‘Talking Dictionary’ that gives listeners a chance to hear a completely unknown language.

Furthermore, this year Living Tongues has launched a partnership with Viki, a popular video streaming site with TV shows and films from around the world. Viki uses crowd sourcing to translate subtitles for films and TV shows into a variety of different languages. The objective of the collaboration is to encourage speakers of endangered languages to translate subtitles. By doing so, they help build a record of the languages and keep them relevant for younger speakers. So far, content on Viki has been translated into 29 endangered or threatened languages, such as Zo, Nauruan, Scottish Gaelic, Cornish, and Cherokee.

All in all, translation of endangered languages, especially those only spoken, is crucial in helping preserve these languages. With translation and technology, a language that perhaps has never been heard before outside of a small town in Bolivia can suddenly have a global audience. The approach can also help to revitalize previously extinct languages, such as Cornish in the United Kingdom. By combining translation with modern technology and the Internet, the effort to conserve languages is incredibly powerful.

### Multilingual language services

People and companies who work in the linguistic sector are more than familiar with languages as English, German, Chinese, or Arabic majority. However, in the world there are a number of less widely used languages that, more often than we think, they also need to be translated.

Who should I call if I need to apply for the certified translation of a background document issued in Danish? Where can I translate documentation written in Hebrew? We are aware that, in a first moment, can seem difficult to find a good choice, but in Translation Company are at your disposal and put at your disposal the best multilingual linguistic services.

While the professional activity of Translation Company is mainly based on the sworn translation in all languages, when we speak of language services not we restrict ourselves to this area. Our team works every day to offer a comprehensive multilingual service which includes activities such as those mentioned below.

## Types of language services

We offer interpretation services, for which we have a large team of highly qualified professionals in a multitude of languages. Consecutive, Liaison interpreting, simultaneous, sworn… judgments, job interviews… our language services cover many areas. To do this, we define customer service that best fits your needs and try to optimize resources, all depending on the event and the customer’s requirements.

Multilingual services we offer include also the website localization. The location is not restricted to the translation, but it implies a process of adaptation and acculturation of the content being published. To provide an optimal linguistic service it is not enough to pass a text from one language to another. We must plunge into the content and get to know the culture of the country concerned to so elaborate a text that not only play a few words, but to transmit a message and respect a culture; and at Translation Company we are aware of it.

Of course there is mention the multilingual translation, which is our main activity. We offer services both sworn translation and specialized translation not sworn in all languages. In this regard, it is worth mentioning also the task of transcription, which, in the case of audiovisual translation, often precedes the translation. All of these multilingual language services can be found at Translation Company.

Danish, Hebrew, Basque… If you want to request a language, any language, feel free to contact us. Translation Company is a multilingual and multicultural, whose team is involved in each and every one of the texts you receive for them ten results. We have translators and interpreters specialists and judges in all languages, willing to offer them the best linguistic services in the market.